The Purpose:

Pesach (Passover) is the first of the seven feasts of the LORD that GOD proclaimed holy and ordained the children of Israel to observe forever (Leviticus 23:4-5; Numbers 9:2-3; Exodus 12:14). It is a festival of deliverance from physical and spiritual bondage.
Pesach (Passover) carries a powerful message for today. It is foundational to our understanding of the LORD’s Supper, the Upper Room and even the MESSIAH’s death.

The Time:

Pesach is a one-day feast, immediately followed by the seven-day Feast of Unleavened Bread. The two feasts are typically blended together and simply called Pesach (Passover). GOD ordained that Pesach be observed each year on the 14th day of Nisan (March/April). So awesome was GOD’s deliverance that HE altered Israel’s religious calendar to reflect the month of Nisan as the new beginning (first month) of their religious year.

The History:

Pesach celebrates the deliverance and mass exodus of over 2 million Hebrews and mixed multitude from the tyranny of Egypt. Through HIS servant Moses, GOD displayed many miraculous signs proving HIMSELF in the eyes of the children of Israel and all Egypt, to be GOD Almighty. Confronting Pharaoh and all his mystics, HE openly revealed neither they nor their false gods, in whom they had placed their confidence, had any power at all. HE made it clear that it was HE, and HE alone, who was and is the ONE true and Almighty GOD, Creator and sustainer of all life and everything that exists!

It was the final plague in which death in a single night, entered into the homes of all the unbelieving throughout the land claiming the life of the firstborn, that set the nation free. Miraculously, death “passed over” (Pesach) the homes of all those who believed, and had followed GOD's instructions. It was by their obedience and the sacrifice of the Pesach (Passover) lamb, that GOD HIMSELF stood between them and death, preserving the lives of HIS people and redeeming them from destruction.

The Elements:

They were instructed to keep Pesach annually as a memorial of their deliverance throughout all their generations (Exodus 12:25). Three of the key elements to be eaten during this time are: Lamb, representing the sacrifice of their deliverance; Matzah or unleavened bread representing the sinlessness of the sacrifice and Bitter herbs reminding them of the suffering of they endured during their time of bondage. Another integral facet of the Pesach service or Seder (Order) as it’s called, is the retelling of the miraculous story commemorating GOD’s great deliverance of HIS people.

The Spiritual Focus:

The Seder is rich with symbolism of GOD’s complete redemptive plan for all mankind. Ultimately, it foreshadowed YESHUA HaMASHIACH (JESUS CHRIST) as our Pesach (Passover) Lamb. The prophet Isaiah spoke of the coming Messiah as an innocent, pure lamb upon whom the Sin of the world would fall in place of the people. He would be the One who, with great bitterness of suffering and death, would shed His blood to provide the greater deliverance for all from the bondage of sin.
Apostle Paul also described YESHUA (JESUS) as our Passover instructing us to keep this feast in sincerity and truth (I Corinthians 5:7-8).